Filipinos, Malaysians, Polynesian, Fiji, all from Africans?
|Negroids in The South Pacific
The Pacific Islanders originally lived in Africa and southern China. These blacks were called East Yi, Nan Yi, Man Yi, Kunlun and Li. Shun-Sheng Ling, observed that: "During ancient times the majority of the inhabitants of the Pacific coast of China belonged to the East Yi. The East Yi people in accordance with the results of our research consisted chiefly of peoples from Polynesia and Micronesia". The East Yi, were a maritime people who inhabited the east coast of Africa, the Asian mainland and the Pacific Islands in ancient times. They built large Lou Chan (tower boats) that could carry many people. The commercial expertise of the Yi was well known because they were such great seamen the term Yi was soon identified with the word "Sea" in Chinese. On the Nan Yi, Shi Zhing, wrote in the Mi Kung, that "Following the Huai Yi, all the maritime tribes came to offer their allegiance. For this the credit should be given the Marquis of Lu....As for the maritime tribes, the Huai Yi, Man Mai and Nan Yi had all vowed their fealty and would obey whatever the Marquis of Lu said".
East Yi founded the Chinese Xia and Shang Dynasties
The Oceanic proto-type is believed to have been found at Dzuyang in China. Other skeletal examples of this type come from the Dawenkou culture. At Dawenkou there was skull deformation and extraction of teeth--customs which are similar to the Polynesian group. Chinese archaeologists believe that the Dawenkou people were the Proto-Pacific islanders. The south Chinese share religious customs and blood type with the Pacific islanders. The bird egg motif is found along the eastern coastal region of China. This motif is also established among the Polynesians, whose creator god Tangaroa maui had an identical birth as the founders of the Shang dynasty from a bird's egg. Moreover, the Oceanic people and South Chinese share the same blood type HLA antigen. The languages spoken in the Pacific are called Austronesian. Austronesian refers to the language family of the modern Pacific islanders including those of Polynesia, Micronesia, Indonesia and the Philippines.
|This land mass of China was named Sundaland "phontically similar to Sudan." Until very recently, in geological time, the Southeast Asian area extended to the Indonesian islands, the Philippines and across New Guinea to Australia and Tasmania. As the ice melted after the end of the last Ice Age, the sea levels began to rise and the inhabitants of the Sunda(land) shelf retreated to the coast of south China and northern Vietnam. Other groups such as the Negritos or Anu, were stranded on many islands as the Pacific ocean covered up Sundaland. Pottery from the lowest levels of sites in southeast Asia is founds in the Philippines. As early as 9000 B.C. the Austronesian speakers had developed elaborate drainage techniques. These people were the Negroids and who developed a similar drainage technique in ancient Egypt for the Nile River. They were a sedentary people practicing horticulture. As early as 5000 B.C. metallurgy was known, and iron was being exploited by the Negroids 3000 years ago. The early Austronesians expanded across Southeast Asia, the Philippines and eastern Indonesia by 5000 B.C. By 4000 B.C. The Negroid people began to leave the mainland and settled islands as far away as Madagascar and Easter Island.
|Easter Island's stone heads - similar to the Olmec heads found in ancient America
After 2500 B.C., Oceanic-Africoid people began to invade Micronesia. Many of these people came directly from Africa and Kumarinadu. It was this group that spread a megalithic culture from Africa and India all the way to Southeast Asia and the Pacific. These Melanesian people are very closely related to the Negroid group in modern Africa in culture and language. Southern China was a center of civilization for the black Austronesian and Oceanic peoples. These Blacks were called Yi and Yueh in the Chinese records. They made beautiful bronze drums which were decorated with examples of their sailing craft. The classical Mongoloids formed the Shang-Yin Dynasty, as opposed to the Li min "Black heads", who founded both the Xia, and first Shang dynasty. The Yin drove the Li Min and Yueh people into western China, especially Gansu and Yunnan. From here the blacks moved into Indo-China which was already settled by the Naga and other Afro-Indo groups. The Austronesian Negroids of southern China settled Polynesia after they were forced southward by first classical Mongoloids and later the Zhou and Qin armies. This is supported by the similarity of the Lapita pottery, and the Dapenkeng and Longshan pottery from southern China.
|Black Austronesian (Black Chinese)
|The earliest Austronesian language speakers appeared on the mainland around 6000 years ago. Except for Formosa and Taiwan, there are no Austronesian speakers on the mainland today. It would appear that the Polynesians learned agriculture from the African Manding. The reference to the Manding (African) in the Pacific should not be surprising because Africans founded the Xia dynasty in China, and would have been among the ethnic groups pushed into south China and thence the Pacific islands by the mongoloid peoples after 500 B.C Other Manding may have settled the islands before then as explorers given the persistence of Manding terms agreeing with Pacific island place names. The Austronesian speakers built the earliest sea going canoes and were great fishermen. During their spread from the mainland to the islands, they took along tubers and fruits. Cereal plant cultivation was not taken with these sea-voyagers as they occupied the islands in Micronesia and Polynesia. These ancient people made their homes atop mounds and used irrigation to grow the crops. They used stone and wooden tools. Black Austronesians are credited with inventing outrigger canoes and even the Chinese Junk and Sampan. Most of the inhabitants of Oceania are Negroids. They made their way eastward from Africa through India, to Southeast Asia, southern China, Indonesia and the islands in the Pacific. Polynesians or Oceanic-Negroids practiced artificial irrigation, megalithic architecture, well developed religion and divine kingship. Matrilineal descent was part of many Pacific societies. The people in this area practiced the Lapita culture. These people were long distance merchants. They were mobile colonists who communicated by sea. The names for the Pacific islands relate to the people who lived on the islands. For example, Melanesia Maylasia, means "Black Islands"; Micronesia, means "Small Islands"; and Polynesian, means "Many Islands". The earliest culture of the Pacific was the Lapita culture. It spread in the Pacific area between 1600-1200 B.C. The Lapita culture is characterized by ceramic cooking pots, bowls and dishes. The ceramics are laced with intricate horizontal bands and geometric designs. (Craib 1983) The motifs on the ceramics agree with Polynesian tattoo signs.
|(Left to Right) Polynesian, Malaysian, Fiji)
Some of the Lapita people may have been part of the megalithic culture element which invaded the Pacific area directly from Africa. The Oceanic Africoids or Melanesians were expert seamen. Lapita culture was early established in the area of the Bismarck Archipelago. From here bearers of Lapita culture colonized Tonga and Samoa. The Lapita proplr used the stars to navigate the Pacific. There was an extensive network of trade routes extending over 2700 Kilometers. Yueh ethnic groups from southern China began to settle in the Pacific after 500 B.C.. These people spoke Dravidian and African languages. Between A.D. 200 to 700, classical Mongoloids began to dominate Eastern Polynesian. These Mongoloids are called Yin , in the Chinese literature, but they should not be confused with the black Yi ethnic groups who formerly dominated coastal China. Genghis Khan (Temujin) who was the most successful leader of the Mongolian Empire and united the Mongolian tribes was a descendant of the Yi and was a Black Chinese.
Genghis Khan (Temujin)
As the Mongoloid people began to occupy the Southeast Asian mainland, the Indo-African populations set out by boat to settle the Polynesian islands. J. Fraser felt that Polynesia had first been settled by Black races from India. E.S. Handy had a theory that the first settlers of the Polynesian islands were Africans. The Dravidian (African) languages are closely related to languages spoken in the Pacific. For example in 1919, Schmidt in Die Gleederung der Australischen Sprachen, presented evidence which pointed to a connection between Dravidian languages and the Australian languages. This theme was also discussed by N.M. Holmes in On the History and Structure of the Australian Languages, he illustrated that the grammar and phonetics of Australian and African languages coincide. Susumu Ohno , and Clyde Ahmad Winters have indicated that the Tamil language was one of the root languages of Japanese. C.A.Winters has shown that the Japanese language and culture also has affinity to the Manding culture and their language. H.B. Hubber in A comparative grammar of the Korean languages and the Dravidian Family, claimed that the Dravidian languages influenced the Korean languages. This view can best be supported by the presence of Negroid people in Korea, before the colonization of the country by the Korean people.
The relationship between the Manding and Tamil, and the Austronesian, Korean and Japanese languages results from the spread of the Yueh and East Yi people, from Yunnan, Indo-China and southern China out into the Pacific. The Japanese and Korean languages are classified within the Altaic Superset of languages. The Manding and Dravidian substratum in Japanese, Korean and Hungarian which all belong to the Altaic group highlight the former presence of the Negroid people across Central Asia and the Pacific. Many Polynesians are classified as Mongoloid people, however they show clear genetic characteristics inherited from the African peoples. By A.D. 1000, the Classical Mongoloid people began to mix with the Austroloid and Oceanic (i.e., Indo-African people) peoples. By this time the Mongoloids were hunting Oceanic people to sell as slaves. The peoples of the continental Pacific islands grew many crops. The chief food for these people were sweet potatoes and taro. Their diet was supplemented by fish and pigs. The low-island people lived almost entirely on coconut palm. Wood for houses came from the trunks. The meat of the coconut was used for food. The husks of coconuts were made into ropes and nets.
|In conclusion, it is obvious that the Yueh people of the Lapita culture who settled the Pacific islands before the Austronesian expansion after 500 B.C., spoke Indo-African languages related to the Dravidian and Manding African groups. The linguistic evidence makes it clear that West Africans were settled in the Pacific islands long before Lakato culture bearers would have arrived on the East African scene. A comparison of Melanesian, Dravidian, Manding and Polynesian languages show considerable cognation in the area of kinship terms. A review of this material indicates that speakers of these languages lived in dwellings established in sedentary villages, led by chiefs and /or holy men. They hunted with bow and arrow, made pottery and possessed writing. In addition, they share the terms for fish, domesticated animals and root and grain crops, the deity, and major topographical features. The historical and archaeological evidence supports a two wave Indo-African migration to the Pacific. The first wave of Indo-Africans to settle the Pacific were the Yueh people who were forced out of southern China by the Shang Yin and later Zhou warriors after 1500 B.C.. The Yueh probably introduced the Lapita culture, since many of the Longshan people used incised red pottery.